What is the Tecate PMD?

How does having this document benefit me as a citizen?

The Internal Regulations of the City Council of Tecate, BC, in its article 51 mentions that it is the power of the Cabildo, to issue as a council agreement in its section V, the Municipal Development Plan, which is defined in article 56 of said regulation as: « the governing document of the Municipal Public Administration, which serves as the basis for the elaboration of the annual operating programs and the expenditure budget, in the terms of the Law on the matter ”.

What does this mean in plain terms?

It means that the Municipal Development Plan, or PMD, is the exercise of democratic participation translated into an action plan , with a binding character to the exercise of municipal public resources, both human, financial and time. In other words, any action undertaken by the City Council must have a meaning and a foundation in this Plan.

Although the PMD is a document, it is the vision of this XXIV City Council headed by the Municipal President, Edgar Darío Benítez Ruiz, to think outside the box. For this reason, unlike the municipal development plans that we have been seeing in previous decades, this will be one that contains, not only two or three, but more than fourteen instruments of citizen participation to apply , in addition to having its own web platform for interaction, dissemination and feedback, where you can check in real time the progress of the Plan.

Explore the sections of this platform, know the legal basis and methodology, as well as the diagnosis of the municipal territory. And most importantly, find out about all the participation mechanisms and channels that we have activated so that you, Tecatense, give your opinion and strengthen this Plan in an informed and enthusiastic way.


What is the legal basis of the Tecate PMD?

The Political Constitution of the United Mexican States is the fundamental norm of the Nation, in it we find various articles that support the planning process .

Covered with a vision of participatory democracy and promotion of human rights , article 26 mentions that the planning process is democratic , which implies that it is necessary that the instruments be formulated according to the specific needs of the population, being consulted by the government.

It is essential that this participatory planning exists to give certainty and continuity to actions on issues of great importance and, on the other hand, it distinguishes the actions of the current administration to give its own vision to public service during its mandate.

In the foregoing, it is important to link the democratic principles contemplated by our Constitution with the postulates of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights , as well as with regard to the content of Article 23 of the American Convention on Human Rights .

The aforementioned inter-American court mentions the scope and content that inter alia mentions that:


«(…) Establishes that all citizens must enjoy the following rights and opportunities, which must be guaranteed by the State under conditions of equality: i) to participate in the management of public affairs, directly or by freely chosen representatives (…) ».  [1]

It is therefore that democracy in all its forms constitute a fundamental pillar of the development of nations, and the procedures that allow the exercise of these rights are the means for the conformation of an authentic planning with a citizen perspective.


In particular, this democratic planning process seeks to connect with good ideas, good intentions and good actions that both the government and citizens seek to improve the conditions of the municipality, while the Inter-American Court of Human Rights has affirmed that in democratic processes, such as the conformation of this Municipal Development Plan , "it is possible to affirm that a society that is not well informed is not fully free"  [2] , therefore, we worked on making the citizen participation exercises a dialogue for the exchange of ideas that would allow the creation of a channel for the flow of information in both directions , giving certainty to the population that their voice was heard and the public administration that can complement its planning with citizen participation.

Article 115 section II second paragraph mentions that:

The municipalities will have the power to approve, in accordance with the laws on municipal matters that must be issued by the legislatures of the States, the police and government groups, the regulations, circulars and administrative provisions of general observance within their respective jurisdictions, that organize the municipal public administration, regulate the matters, procedures, functions and public services of its competence and ensure citizen and neighborhood participation.

One of the administrative provisions that directs the planning of the municipality's public policy is the Municipal Development Plan. In the foregoing, state legislation has established a state development planning system where the municipal public administration has the task of forming this instrument, Article 12 of the Planning Law of the State of Baja California mentions:

State development planning will be democratic and deliberative and will be carried out by the agencies and entities of the state and municipal public administration. The State Development Planning System is the one that integrates and links the bodies and authorities responsible for the process of formulation, instrumentation, control and evaluation of the plans and programs referred to in this Law.


In the foregoing, article 14 of the aforementioned Law in its section IV establishes the municipal development plans as part of this system. Article 24 in its sections II and III, as well as articles 25, 26, and 27, describe that the formulation of the Municipal Development Plan is a joint effort where the head of the Municipal Presidency, of this XXIV City Council and its agencies and entities, where INPLADEM helps in the coordination, formulation, execution, monitoring and evaluation, closely collaborating with the Municipal Cabinet Coordination.

Thus, in the Internal Regulations of the Tecate City Council, B. C. , In its article 51 it mentions that it is the power of the Cabildo, to issue as a council agreement in its section V, the Municipal Development Plan, which is defined in the Article 56 of said regulation as: "the governing document of the Municipal Public Administration, which serves as the basis for the elaboration of the annual operating programs and the expenditure budget, in the terms of the Law on the matter."

[1] Inter-American Court of Human Rights, Case of Castañeda Gutman v. Mexico, Judgment of August 6, 2008 on Preliminary Objections, Merits, Reparations, and Costs, Series C. No. 184, paragraph 144.

[2] Inter-American Court of Human Rights, advisory opinion OC-5/85 of November 13, 1985, "The compulsory association of journalists (arts. 13 and 29 American Convention on Human Rights)", Series A, No. 05, paragraph 70.